The Truman Presidency was marked by the Cold War with Stalin's Soviet Union, and historians continue to debate the relative responsibility of the West and the Soviet Union for its advent. What cannot be denied, however, is that Truman was called upon to make major decisions which still affect our own times - use of the atom bomb against Japan in 1945, the Marshall Plan to aid Europe in the establishment of NATO, and the defence of South Korea against the North in 1950. Some have accused Truman of over-reaction, but, at the time, the Republican opposition accused him of weakness towards the Communist powers. Who was right?
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