Can babies really get hepatitis B? Isn't it spread through sex and drug use? Why does the United States use a universal vaccination program for hepatitis B? The answers are here.
Centers for Disease Control (2004 November 5). Acute Hepatitis B Among Children and Adolescents --- United States, 1990–2002. Weekly Morbidity and Mortality Report. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5343a4.htm
Centers for Disease Control (2016). Breastfeeding diseases and conditions. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/disease/index.htm
Haverkate M, D’Ancona F, Giambi C, Johansen K, Lopalco PL, Cozza V, Appelgren E, on behalf of the VENICE project gatekeepers and contact points. Mandatory and recommended vaccination in the EU, Iceland and Norway: results of the VENICE 2010 survey on the ways of implementing national vaccination programmes . Euro Surveill. 2012;17(22):pii=20183. Available online: http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=20183
Mast, Eric (2017). Hepatitis B Virus: Kids Can Infect Kids. Retrieved from http://www.pkids.org/immunizations/HBV_kids_infect_kids.html
Parents of Kids With Infectious Diseases. 2003. “What is Hepatitis B?” 19-20. Accessed August 12, 2013. http://www.pkids.org/files/pdf/phr/02-01hbv.pdf
Simmons, Ashley,( 2015). The Epidemiology of Hepatitis B in West Virginia. Retrieved from http://dhhr.wv.gov/oeps/documents/symposium/2015/Simmons-Hep_B.pdf