The indigenous peoples of Ngata Toro Village live in an enclave in Lore Lindu National Park, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. The Ngata Toro are involved in the sustainable harvesting and production of non-timber forest products (NTFPs), low external impact agriculture, fish farming, and ecotourism that are helping to reduce poverty and build self reliance.
In 2000, the head of Lore Lindu issued a letter acknowledging that the Ngata Toro community was an indispensable part of the national park, thereby allowing the people to remain in the protected lands and regulate the management of natural resources and ecosystems in their area. Ngata Toro became only the third village that was officially given special permission for its people to settle in protected conservation zones. Village leaders then changed the word desa (village), the official Bahasa Indonsesia word designating a village administration, into Ngata (traditional village, with its indigenous structure and regulation).