The first ever image of full Southern Cross (Crux) constellation obtained from Spain. This image was taken from the center of the island of Tenerife (Canary Islands), in Teide National Park to about 2,300 m above sea level, probably the place with darkest and crisp skies on the island.
The video is the result of two hours of continuous shots of eight seconds exposure, showing the stars movement. In the middle I have been added several shots to show the appearance and shape of Crux constellation (see the labeled version).
Theoretically the star Acrux (alpha Crux, declination -63 º 10 ' ) never appears on the horizon of this place. However, due to atmospheric refraction and the altitude, the star is visible only for a few minutes (see star Acrux in the video) in mid May each year in early evening. The color of the star appears deep red when really is a blue star (O9 spectral type), due to strong selective spectral absorption, which filters the radiation of shorter wavelength.
The video also shows reddish Eta Carinae Nebula, bright star cluster NGC 3532 (at lower right), as well passes of artificial satellites and airplanes.
Music: Reverie, Debussy by Isao Tomita