Speaker: Dr. Syed Tasnim Raza
An expert in Cardiothoracic Surgery, Dr. Syed Tasnim Raza has received many awards including the Best Clinical Paper Award from the Western New York Chapter of the American College of Surgeons in 1975 and "Excellence in Precepting Award", D'Youville College Physician Assistant Program, August 12, 1999. He is currently an Associate Professor of Surgery at CUMC (Columbia University Medical Center) and has Board Certificates in Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery.
In antiquity, human illness was considered a curse, work of demons and treatments and cures were mostly magic, witchcraft, sacrifice and gods were involved. Hippocrates laid the foundations of rational medicine 400 years BCE. His teachings were carried on further by Galen, and then by the physicians in the Islamic Golden age, lasting for almost 2000 years. But the practice of medicine through these years was based on the theories of four elements and the four humors, not based on science. Renaissance began in the 14th century in Italy, mostly in art, sculptor, architecture and mathematics, and other fields of study. Renaissance in medicine began almost 250 years later in Padua, Italy and it took another 350 years of progress in spurts, for medicine to be based on scientific study of anatomy, physiology, pathology, physical examination, microbial disease and much more. Progress in surgery was still later and truly began in the 17th and 18th centuries. Even though the first successful heart operation was performed by Ludwig Rehn in 1896, it took many more related and unrelated developments before heart surgery became routine in the period between 1955-1960.
This presentation traced the history through the leading characters who transformed medicine from Hippocrates to heart surgery.