Humans and machines work together to destroy and make the modernist ideal. Or do they?
Expect Delays is an experiment in John Grierson's 'co-operative characters'. He made one of the first documentaries, Drifters (1929), and created a theory about what a documentary should look like: that there should not be central heroic characters in the work, instead the characters should be co-operatively working together. Often this was expressed through films in which men worked with machines, such as the fishermen in the steamboat in Drifters. It was an idea that emerged in the modernist era, when it was thought that people worked together (with machines) towards progress and a better future. We no longer believe in this modernist dream, instead we fear machines will take over from us. But it may be possible that people and machines are able to work together in some form of harmony.