Moderated by Salvatore Coluccello, Coventry University
The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) calculates that in 2017, as of mid-November, about 150,000 African migrants have travelled to Europe by sea using the three main routes to Spain, Greece and, in particular, Italy. Estimates suggest at least 3,000 fatalities. The panel will explore the organised criminal networks involved in irregular migration across the Mediterranean (controlling land and sea routes as well as methods of transportation). It will assess the policies aimed at deterring smuggling and irregular migratory flows, challenging the prescriptive and securitised approaches adopted by states and inter-governmental organisations. Starting from migrant experiences and perceptions, the session examines migrants’ relationships with one another, as well as with mediators, go-betweens, dallala, passeurs and smugglers.
Calogero Ferrara, Court of Palermo
Glynn Rankin, Rankin Associates
Monica Massari, University of Naples Federico II
Alex Vines, Chatham House