Two years ago, Barcelona announced it would transform chunks of its street grid to prioritize people over cars. The method: superblocks.
When American planners think of superblocks, they probably think of big parcels that disrupt the pedestrian network and discourage walking. Barcelona's superblocks are different. They only limit motor vehicle movement, which makes walking and biking easier and opens up streets for people to gather.
On Barcelona's superblocks, local access for motor vehicles is still permitted, but through traffic is not. The streets are designed to make drivers feel like they are visitors, with narrow rights-of-way for cars. Almost all car traffic is local residents or people with personal business on the block.
Without dangerous car traffic overrunning the streets, generating noise and pollution, superblocks are full of life. Children can play and explore. Seniors and people with limited mobility can relax and socialize. People -- including young kids -- can feel safe and confident riding bikes.
I visited Barcelona in June, when some of the initial, temporary superblock treatments were being made permanent in a nine-square-block section of the street grid with a lot of public housing in the Poblenou neighborhood. The drone of cars was gone, and you could hear sounds you normally can't in the center of a city. Street life ebbed and flowed through the course of the day and the week.
Barcelona has not installed many superblocks yet. In fact, until recently Poblenou was the only one. A second superblock officially opened in Sant Antoni just days before my arrival, a project tied to the redesign of a public market.
More superblocks are on the way, according to Barcelona officials, with roughly a dozen others in the pipeline. It will be exciting to see this experiment continue to transform Barcelona and show the rest of the world what cities can do when they tame car traffic and put people first.
A Superblock encourages more residents to safely use the streets. Children to play and explore. Seniors and those with limited mobility a place to relax and be social. Bicyclists to feel safer and young kids to grow more confident riding. They also provide more greenery and healthy air while dramtically reducing noise levels and pollution.
I was fortunate to visit in June, when some of the initial tactical urbanism style interventions were being made more permanent in Poblenou, a 3 x 3 street grid in a section of the city where there is a lot of public housing. The streets were calmer and you could hear things you usually can't in the center of a city. And it ebbed and flowed whether it was lunch hour or weekends with families and children. Being in the Superblock gives one a unique sense of happiness.
Much of the initial wave of reporting inferred that the city had installed many Superblocks. But that wasn't the case. In fact, Poblenou was the only one until a second Superblock officially opened in Sant Antoni just days before my arrival. It has entirely different story as the city had already allocated funding to redesign the market there when they approached residents about making the space car-light. It did not utilize any tactical urbanism techniques and went directly to a finished construction.
From my conversations with people with the city of Barcelona, it would seem there are now roughly a dozen new Superblock areas deep in the planning stages or starting implementation/discussion. It will be exciting to see this experiment in urbanism continue to transform their city and the lessons the rest of the world can learn.