Title: The Ethics of Computer Simulations: Challenges and Perspectives for the Future of Science and Technology
Keynote Lecturer: Juan M. Durán
Presented on: 29/07/2018, Porto, Portugal
Abstract: Computer simulations represent, without a doubt, a scientific novelty in contemporary research. But in what sense do they also raise philosophical concerns? Although there are a number of issues that philosophers have pointed out as central to the analysis of computer simulations, admittedly many revolve around philosophical debates with little interests for researchers working with computer simulations. The question that we should be asking, then, is what sort of issues of a philosophical nature are tailored to computer simulations and attract the interest of practitioners? A good way to approach to this question is by addressing the ethics of computer simulations. Surprisingly, there is very little discussion on this matter. Nevertheless, three viewpoints can be identified. First, it is claimed that computer simulations raise ethical concerns in cases where their results are not reliable. Second, computer simulations raise ethical concerns when they are biased (for instance, in their representations). Finally, it is claimed that computer simulations raise ethical concerns if the researchers do not behave professionally. Each viewpoint emphasises a different and relevant aspect of computer simulations. But unfortunately more needs to be said. This talk will examine all three approaches to the ethics of computer simulations and ask, furthermore, whether there are more ethical issues that are currently going under the radar of philosophers (and thus requires the aid of professional practitioners).
Presented at the following Event:
SIMULTECH, 8th International Conference on Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications