Music: Isolate by Moby courtesy of Mobygratis.com
Flower opening in Moricandia moricandioides, Capsella bursa-pastoris, Arabidopsis thaliana, and Alyssum granatense.
Time lapses illustrating how stamens do not move during flower opening. This video was produced to be compared with anther rubbing (vimeo.com/user17973641/review/292092539/21d9b74d60)
This video appears as a companion to the scientific paper:
Abdelaziz M, Bakkali M, Gómez JM, Olivieri E, Perfectti F. (2019). Anther rubbing, a new mechanism that actively promotes selfing in plants. The American Naturalist (in press)
The DOI will be dx.doi.org/10.1086/700875
More information: amnat.org/an/newpapers/JanAbdelaziz.html
Photography and video: F. Perfectti