About 25'000 years ago, Alpine Glaciers filled most of the valleys and even extended onto the plains. Using a computer model that contains knowledge on glacier physics based on modern observations of Greenland and Antarctica and laboratory experiments on ice, help from traces left by glaciers on the landscape, and one of the fastest computers in the world, this animation is an attempt to reconstruct of the evolution of Alpine Glaciers in time from 120'000 years ago to today.
Julien Seguinot (2018)
J. Seguinot, S. Ivy-Ochs, G. Jouvet, M. Huss, M. Funk, and F. Preusser. Modelling last glacial cycle ice dynamics in the Alps, *The Cryosphere*, 12, 3265-3285, doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-3265-2018, 2018.
Software: PISM, matplotlib, xarray, ffmpeg, etc.
Resources: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Swiss National Supercomputing Centre, Swiss National Science Foundation, Hokkaido University
ERA-Interim (Dee et al., 2011), Geothermy (Goutorbe et al., 2011), WorldClim (Hijmans et al., 2005), Ice thickness (Huss and Farinotti, 2012), SRTM (Jarvis et al., 2008), EPICA (Jouzel et al., 2007), Natural Earth (Patterson and Kelso, 2016), Sea level (Spratt et al., 2016)
This animation uses results from numerical modelling. Our knowledge on Alpine climate and glacier history is limited. The reality was almost certainly different.
This work is licensed under creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/