On 4 November 2011, the IBAHRI hosted an expert discussion on the independence of the judiciary and ‘UAE5’ trial with the UN Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Gabriela Knaul, at the IBA Rule of Law Symposium. Panellists discussed fair trial concerns in the case of the ‘UAE5’, a group of pro-democracy activists who are being tried under state security procedures before the UAE’s Federal Supreme Court. The activists have been charged under the UAE Penal Code for allegedly posting comments which “publicly insult[ed]” the UAE leadership on an online political forum. The UN Special Rapporteur declined to comment directly about the case but spoke generally of the role of an independent judiciary in upholding judicial guarantees and fair trial standards. Other speakers were Sternford Moyo, former president of the Zimbabwe Law Society and IBAHRI Co-Chair and Dr Phillip Tahmindjis, IBAHRI Co-Director.