To protect the Hawaiian Kingdom from the colonial encroachment occurring in the 19th century, Kamehameha III sent delegations to Europe and the United States to negotiate diplomatic recognition. In 1843, Great Britain and France recognized Hawaiʻi's independence and status as an equal nation. A treaty with the United States followed the subsequent year. Thereafter, the Hawaiian Kingdom entered into agreements with many of the world's nations. The holiday was first observed in 1844, but when the monarchy was overthrown in 1893, celebrations soon ended. Native Hawaiians today are reviving Lā Kūʻokoʻa to celebrate our culture, history, and pride.