On Dec. 8, 1941, Japanese planes attacked the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, triggering the start of World War II in the Pacific.
A college student from the Ateneo de Manila University, together with thousands of young Filipinos, answered the call of duty to defend their country which was then a US colony.
As a ROTC cadet, Edmundo F. Nolasco volunteered to join the woefully-equipped and ill-prepared United States Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE), despite orders disbanding the ROTC. 33 other cadets from the Ateneo enlisted.
This is Nolasco's account of his personal experiences during that historic "date which will live in infamy" (as US President Franklin D. Roosevelt famously called it), and the days that followed.
Edmundo F. Nolasco is my father.