Musical Bridges Around the World
Songs of India
Presenting Five Genres of Indian Music
Carnatic Classical Music
Sujata Venkateswar, Vocals
Sita Jayant, Violin
Ganesh Devarajan, Mridangam
Srinivas Ponnappan, Kanjira
Uthra Suresh, Madhuri Venkateswar, Anand Srinivas, Back Up Vocals
Hindustani Classical Music
Indrajit Banerjee, Sitar
Shantilal Shah, Tabla
Hemant Kulkarni, Vocals and Harmonium
Mohan Singh, Tabla
Sujata Venkateswar, Female Vocal
Indrajit Banerjee, Male Vocal
Madhuri Venkateswar, Piano
Evan Guz, Guitar
Sujata Venkateswar, Aamuktha Karla, Madhuri Venkateswar, Vocals
Renuka Rege, Jahnavi Shriram, Mohini Dasari, Pooja Nagarkar
Shachi Daru, Swetha Kotamraju, Maya Iyer, Kavita Venkateswar, Dancer
Sujata Venkateswar, Artistic Director
Greg Hinojosa, Show Director
Billy Munoz, Lighting Designer
Cherylann Williams, Sound Engineer
Archana Singh, Stage Decorations
3:00 pm, Sunday, Oct. 2, 2011
McAllister Auditorium, San Antonio, Texas
India’s musical history dates back to the prehistoric times and is in fact regarded as one of the oldest in the world. One of oldest music forms known as Sama was developed during the Vedic period which stretched from 1500 to 500 BC.
India’s music is a combination of vocal music, instrumental music, and dance called Sangeet. Prior to the 13th century, there was primarily one type of musical form. But with the invasion of the Mughals, the music of north and central India blended with the Mughal influences of Arabia and Persia, bringing into being Hindustani music. Today there are two major traditions of classical music. The North Indian classical music is known as Hindustani Sangeet, while the south Indian classical music is called Carnatic music.
Indian classical music is based on the ragas, which are scales and melodies that provide the foundation for a performance. Unlike western classical music that is deterministic, Indian classical music allows for a much greater degree of “personalization” of the performance, almost to the level of jazz-like improvisation. When a raga is accompanied by percussion (such as a tabla), the rhythm is often rather intricate because it is constructed from a combination of fundamental rhythmic patterns (or talas). The most common instruments used in Hindustani Classical music are sitar, sarod, flute, and sarangi.
Carnatic (Southern Indian) ragas constitute one of the oldest systems of music in the world. They are based on seven rhythmic cycles and 72 fundamental ragas. Carnatic music is mostly vocal and devotional in nature and played with instruments such as the mridangam drum, the ghatam clay pot, and the violin or veena. The fundamental format of Carnatic songs is the “kriti” or composition, which are usually set in the style of a raga (the raga serves as the melodic foundation). The golden age of Carnatic music was the 1700s-1800s when the Trinity of Carnatic music, namely Thyagaraja, Syama Sastri and Muthuswamy Dikshitar, contributed immensely in terms of compositions, new ragas and changes in concert pattern.
Indian music is diverse because of India’s cultural diversity. The spectrum of Indian music includes folk music, ghazals, bhajans, qawalis, popular movie music and fusion music that blends the east with the west. While Indian music is constantly evolving to adapt to contemporary ideas and themes, the experimental and new continues to co-exist with the traditional and timeless, reflecting the depth and richness of the Indian culture.
Musical Bridges Around the World
was founded in 1998 by Artistic Director
Dr. Anya Grokhovski (Concert Pianist)
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