Innovations That Fuel Digital Transformations
e-Government, digital projects and innovation of the public administration are natural candidates for partnerships and cooperation between public and private institutions. By opening up the public policy development process for cooperation in early phase the government is able not just procure competences for development and administration of the ICT systems but is able to amplify the national digital competitiveness.. With increasing complexity and interoperability needs, the early involvement of the private sector has become an essential prerequisite for impactful projects. When assessing projects that could be candidates for PPP, one has to ask first: could the private sector finance the capital investment required to design, install, and operate an e-government or ICT project? If so, would that be preferable to the public sector financing and operating the system, thus freeing up public sector resources for projects that have higher social returns? And second: would the private sector with its competences be able to manage and operate the e-government or ICT project, under government supervision or regulation, more efficiently than the government? If so, how can the government get the highest number of competitive bids so that PPPs in e-government and ICT represent best value for money and technical innovation? What and how should be regulated? How does that translate to the ambition where governments stand out as leading innovation role models and practitioners?