Kilmacduagh Monastery is located in a small village of the same name, about 5 km from the town of Gort.
The name of the place translates as "church of Duagh's son". It was reportedly the 7th century Saint Colman, son of Duagh established a monastery here on land given to him by his cousin King Guaire Aidne mac Colmáin of Connacht, who had a fortified dwelling near what is today Dunguaire Castle.
As with most dates from this period, the year in which the monastery was founded is somewhat uncertain, but apparently the early 7th century is deemed the most likely.
Colman was abbot/bishop at the monastery until his death. Of his successors, only one appears in the annals by name, one Indrect (died 814), before the arrival of the English.
This site was of such importance in medieval times that it became the centre of a new diocese, or Bishop's seat, the Diocese of Kilmacduagh, in the 12th century.
The early monastery was victim of multiple raids and finally ruined by William de Burgh in the early 13th century.
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