Explore the History and Fate of the Universe with MIT grad and Nobel Laureate Dr. George Smoot. As part of the Science Lecture Series, The MIT Club of Northern California is pleased to announce that Dr. George Smoot, SB ’66, PhD ’71, and Nobel Laureate ’06 will present a talk, ‘The History and Fate of the Universe’, to local Alumni on October 3rd 2007. Dr. Smoot, the second most famous Smoot to graduate from MIT, will present a lecture about his mapping of the cosmic background radiation. Initially discovered by Penzias and Wilson in the early 1960’s Dr. Smoot’s work led to the discovery and mapping of minute special variations in the cosmic background radiation. These variations on the order of 1 part in 100,000 represent quantum fluctuations in the structure of the known universe when it was less than the size of a proton. They are also the seeds from which present day galaxies have evolved. The analysis of these fluctuations provides a number of insights into both the history and the future evolution of the universe.