In the late 19th century, during the early years of cinema, France produced several important pioneers. Auguste and Louis Lumiere invented the cinematographe and their screening of L'Arrive d'un train en gare de La Ciotat in Paris in 1895 is marked by many historians as the official birth of cinematography. During the next few years, filmmakers all over the world started experimenting with this new medium, and France was influential. They invented many of the techniques now common in the cinematic language, and made the first ever science fiction film A Trip to the Moon (Le Voyage dans la Lune, 1902).Other early individuals and organizations of this period included Gaumont Pictures and Pathe.

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