For towns on the bordering areas of the 20km exclusion zone around the Fukushima nuclear plant a debate is underway.
The government is saying that it is safe to return to a lot of these towns but residents are not so sure. Some have stayed as they feel they have no other choice if they want to save their businesses.
Two local mayors from two different towns have conflicting opinions as to what is the right thing to do.
Aljazeera's Steve Chao reports.
Shot and edited by Matthew Allard on a Sony F3
Produced by Aya Asakura.