Selected by theoneminutes : This 1 minute film "Transport XX face to face" was selected in 2010 by The One Minutes and the Museum of National History (innl) for the 'Where history starts' event on Nov 28th, 2010 in Paradiso, Amsterdam (Netherlands).
This 1 minute film is a video impression (February 28th, 2009) of the confrontation of passers-by with the TRANSPORT XX installation in Brussels, that presented photographic portraits of 1,200 of the 1,631 Jewish prisoners deported with the 20th train convoy to Auschwitz in 1943.
On April 19, 1943 at 10 p.m. the 20th train convoy departed the Dossin barracks (Kazerne Dossin) in Mechelen (Belgium) with 40 cattle cars crammed with 1631 Jewish men, women and children for Auschwitz (Poland). The in Belgium captured Jews were over 90% 'foreigners' (with no Belgian nationality) who either when war broke out or (many) years earlier had fled from mainly Eastern Europe, Germany and Holland to Belgium. Half an hour after the departure of this transport XX three young Belgians from Brussels, Youra Livschitz, Jean Franklemon and Robert Maistriau stopped the train between Boortmeerbeek and Haacht, opened one of the cars and liberated 17 prisoners. Later before the train reaches the German border over 200 other prisoners decide to attempt to escape and also jump out of the cars. In total 233 people attempted to escape, and 188 did succeed. Unfortunately also 26 were killed and 89 others recaptured and interned or put on future trains to Auschwitz. This 20th transport arrived at Auschwitz on April 22. Only 153 of those on board survived this death camp.
This was the only documented attack on a death train during the Shoah.
The Kazerne Dossin (project "Give them a Face") digitalised the photo's of the Dossin prisoners, that mostly are from the "National State Archives of Belgium. Ministry of Justice, Public Safety Office, Foreigner's Police, individual files"
The TRANSPORT XX installation in Brussels was organised from 27 January to 15 March 2009 by the BELvue Museum in collaboration with the JMDR / Kazerne Dossin. The photographic portraits were displayed outside in the Royal park in Brussels (opposite the Royal Palace).
Thank you: Marjan Verplancke and other co-workers of the Jewish Museum of Deportation and Resistance (JMDR) in Mechelen (Malines, Belgium) and project "Give them a Face".
With the ‘Give Them a Face’ project the Kazerne Dossin aims to bring together as many portraits of deportees from the Dossin barracks in Mechelen as possible and give them back their face - and the memory alive.
This 'one minute cut' is a reworking of the video "TRANSPORT XX - installation Brussels" presented earlier in 2009 at youtube/channel012. For this special 'The One Minute' edition, the original film of around 3 minutes was edited to a 1-minute cut. This 1 minute film was released by theoneminutes foundation on DVD (limited edition) in 2010. As requested the original 2010 film for this theoneminutes event contained no title or credits — the title and credits were added in this 2012 file.
Made possible by:
Kazerne Dossin (project "Give them a Face")
Museum of National History (innl)
National State Archives of Belgium. Ministry of Justice, Public Safety Office, Foreigner's Police, individual files
© 2009-2012 michelvanderburg
custom URL: vimeo.com/michelvanderburg/txx1minute
iclip @ youtube - youtube.com/iclip
channel012 @ youtube - youtube.com/channel012
theoneminutes - theoneminutes.org/
Kazerne Dossin - kazernedossin.eu/
National State Archives of Belgium - arch.be/
Waar Geschiedenis Begint - innl.nl/page/5858/nl
theoneminutes @ facebook - vimeo.com/user7380871/videos/all