“PENTECOST” (HFG-June 8, 2011)
What is your favorite Holiday & why??
Turn to book of Acts...
PENTECOST SUNDAY is this coming Sunday...
What is Pentecost?
Answer: Our good question refers to Acts 2: 1, "And when the day of Pentecost was fully come…"
There were three annual feasts of the Jews, the Passover, Pentecost, and the Feast of Tabernacles.
Pentecost celebrated the beginning of their harvest; Called "Feast of Harvest," etc. Ex. 23: 16) came fifty days after the Passover; hence, pente, five or fifty.
The apostles had been waiting for Pentecost. Jesus had told his apostles in his last words as recorded by Luke, "And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high" (Luke 24: 49).
We read in Acts 1: 4 that they (apostles, women including Mary mother of Jesus, others) are in Jerusalem waiting as Jesus had told them to do. Hence, the language "day of Pentecost was fully come" is significant.
The day of Pentecost can be called the ‘hub’ of the Bible.
The day of Pentecost in Acts 2 fulfilled many kingdom and salvation prophecies (cp. Joel 2: 28-32; Isa. 2: 2, 3, see Acts 2: 16-47).
The full gospel (death, burial, resurrection) was officially preached and Jesus' last will and testament came into being, the church become a reality, and remission of sin based on Jesus' shed blood was first experienced on the day of Pentecost.
The day of Pentecost was the birth of true Christianity. It was on this memorable day that repentance and baptism in Jesus' name for the remission of sins was first taught and experienced (Acts 2: 38). The height of Joel's prophesy had been "whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be delivered" (Joel 2: 32). When those whose hearts had been pricked asked what must they do, were told, and did it, they were calling on the name of the Lord in BAPTISM(Acts 2: 37-42). Paul’s Damascus Road encounter included these words in Acts 22:16 “And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.”
People today are thus saved in the same way by calling on Jesus' name (Rom. 10: 13).
Pentecost (Ancient Greek: Πεντηκοστή [ἡμέρα], Pentēkostē [hēmera], "the Fiftieth [day]") is one of the prominent feasts in the Christian liturgical year among denominational churches commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples of Christ after the Resurrection. The feast is also called Whit Sunday, Whitsun, or Whit especially in the United Kingdom, where the following Monday was traditionally a holiday. Pentecost is celebrated seven weeks (50 days) after Easter Sunday, hence its name. Pentecost falls on the tenth day after Ascension Thursday.
Pentecost is historically and symbolically related to the Jewish harvest festival of Shavuot, which commemorates God giving the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai fifty days after the Exodus. Pentecost is sometimes is the "Birthday of the Church".
Traditional interpretation holds that this first Holy Ghost outpouring took place in the Upper Room, first mentioned in Luke 22:12-13 ( "And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready. And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.").
This Upper Room was to be the location of the Last Supper and the institution of Holy Communion.
The next mention of an Upper Room is in Acts 1:13-14, which is the continuation of the Luke narrative, authored by the same biblical writer.
Here the disciples and women wait and pray for the "baptism of the Holy Ghost" (See Acts 1:5) promised by Jesus: "And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James. These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren."
So in Acts 2:1-2 , "And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.", "they" refers to the aforementioned dis
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