It has been suggested by skeptics and atheists that virtual particles prove that something can come from nothing. Supposedly the quantum vacuum (from which virtual particles come from) is nothingness. William Lane Craig explains that virtual particles do not literally come from nothing because the quantum vacuum is actually energy. So, it cannot be nothing! Unfortunately, in the popular sciences people have suggested that the quantum vacuum is nothing. Also, critics often point to the quantum vacuum and virtual particles as a refutation of the first premise of the Kalam Cosmological Argument. To suggest that something (ie the quantum vacuum) is nothing is absurd, let alone the idea that something can pop into existence uncaused out of nothing!