Here's a few festivals (matsuri) I came across in Japan, ranging from small and local to the one of the biggest festivals in Kyushu.
The first festival shown is the Kuwabara Shrine autumn festival in Himeji. Omikoshi (portable shrines) from several neighborhoods come together at the main shrine to receive Shinto blessings then head off around the streets to spread the 'good spirits' among the neighborhoods.
The festival with the women in orange is the Beppu Yoi-yoi Onna Matsuri, which announces the beginning of the year-end party season, with the "women of the pubs of downtown" carrying Omikoshi (portable shrines) around the streets.
The dancing dragon is from Doburoku Matsuri, near Shirakawago, a festival celebrating the region's potent local sake. During the festival, people "pray to the mountain god for safety and a good harvest and offer doburoku to the shrine to express their gratitude".
The dancers are from Ohara Matsuri, one of the largest festivals in Kyushu, held in the city of Kagoshima. More than 20,000 people gather to watch and participate in "so-odori", an enormous dancing parade, to listen to Ohara Ogojo Daiko drumming and eat and drink from tiny food stalls lining the main avenue.