COLLOQUE: « LA PHILOSOPHIE FACE À SES AUTRES »
Organisé par Martin FORTIER & Raphaël MILLIÈRE, avec le soutien du PhilMaster.
(Site référent : atmoc.fr/ ; ensemble du programme et des enregistrements : cmsgens.wordpress.com/programme/)
« “Merger”, “Multipersonhood”, and “Other-Consciousness”: The Anthropology and Philosophy of the Concepts of American “Channels”. »
par Peter SKAFISH (Berkeley, LAS)
Although anthropology has become increasingly concerned with “ontologies” and traditions of thought foreign or marginal to those of Western modernity, it often understands these solely through the metaphysical categories of the latter and thereby reduces them to terms that they in fact exceed. This paper proposes an approach better-suited to understanding alien forms of thought by examining the concepts they contain as concepts and then comparing them with corresponding concepts from philosophy in order to show how they can estrange philosophy from itself and even thus yield novel interpretations of it. By interpreting the concepts of psyche and consciousness of a group of speculative American spirit mediums known as channels both through and against Hegel and Jean-Luc Nancy’s notions of these things—a move justified by the fact that both of them consider these apropos the trance—I argue that the channels themselves show how consciousness can take a form at once constitutively plural and united that is thus irreducible to a dialectic or deconstruction of the subject and self-presence.