India is in the midst of a health transition. As the prevalence of infectious diseases continues to decline, Type 2 diabetes and obesity are emerging as major public health concerns. Urbanization and industrialization have transformed India into a global economic powerhouse. However, India's economic boom has lead to lifestyle changes, such as a decrease in daily physical activity coupled with an increase in sedentary behavior, as well as the replacement of traditional foods with fast foods and store-bought, packaged foods that are high in fat and calories. These lifestyle changes are responsible for the emergence of the twin epidemics of diabetes and obesity.