Hiroshi Ishiguro is professor and director of the Intelligent Robotics Laboratory in Osaka, Japan. In robot development, Professor Ishiguro concentrates on the idea of making a robot that is as similar as possible to a live human being. He is famous for creating various replicas of persons, such as himself.
To tackle the problem of appearance and behavior of so-called android robots, two approaches are necessary: one from robotics and the other from cognitive science. The approach from robotics tries to build very humanlike robots based on knowledge from cognitive science. The approach from cognitive science uses the robot for verifying hypotheses for understanding humans.