Common in eastern United States and just enters southeastern Canada. State bird for Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Virginia and West Virginia. Thickets, suburban areas, gardens, feeders. It is crested with a stout red bill. The male is red overall with a black face. The female is buffy-brown or buffy-olive overall with red in the wings, tail, and crest. These birds are nonmigratory, adding color and sound to a winter scene.
Song: both sexes sing throughout the year giving such short whistles as "purty purty purty" and a sharp metallic "chink" call.