Rhythm in Tool Use: From Stone-knapping to Blacksmith Hammering
Hammering is often viewed as the prototype of tool use in humans. From the first testimony of hominins’ use of hammerstone to make lithic tools up to modern blacksmith forging a horseshoe, all of these activities involve rhythmical striking movements. In this talk we will analyze the rhythmical activity of hammering in different situations of tool use, starting with stone-knapping in early hominins. Where does the rhythm observed in diverse forms of craftsmanship come from? Through various examples I will show the role of the tool characteristics in an epoch in which we can observe a specific cadence of movement.
Blandine Bril holds a Ph.D. in social anthropology and a habilitation in psychology from the University of Paris5-Sorbonne. Since 1998, she has been director of studies at the École des Hautes Ètudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris. Blandine Bril is working at the interface of life sciences (movement science) and social sciences (anthropology and psychology) and conducts research along two main directions: first, development and learning of movement, and especially technical skills in different cultures; second, the role of cultural context in development and learning. In recent years, she has been responsible for several interdisciplinary research projects, such as the research group “Apprentissage et Contexte (Studies and Context).” Her publications include, amongst others, Materner. Du premier cri aux premiers pas (author together with S. Parrat-Dayan, 2008); Stone Knapping: The Necessary Conditions for a Uniquely Hominin Behavior (editor together with V. Roux, 2006).
The symposium “Rhythmanalysis” is initated by Shintaro Miyazaki in collaboration with the art, science & business program of the Akademie Schloss Solitude. It is funded by Andrea von Braun Stiftung and the cogito foundation.