Avena+ Test Bed explores the relationship between landscape, agriculture and digital fabrication.
With the advent of Precision Farming, agriculture has become fully mapped and will transform farming to a highly digital activity. This in combination with other changes underway in the countryside, mainly the paradigm shift from food to biogas production and various EU subsidy schemes to promote diversity, will lead to disruptive changes within the next few years for the (European) countryside.
The project uses the idea of “Agricultural Printing” to explore the possibilities of digital fabrication carried over into farming. The experiment applies algorithms to partition and to create an environmentally beneficial structure into a standard biomass/energy production field. These additional areas establish, or improve, the connectivity for fauna and flora between habitats. This increased diversity also eases typical problems of monocultures e.g. less vermin → reduced usage of pesticides. Furthermore a farmer could “rent out” the areas for several months a year as compensatory area in the same fashion like the CO2 emissions trading scheme works (in the EU every new land for building has to be compensated). Hence in the near future a farmer might not just produce oats, peas, beans and barley, but also print “environment compensations areas” into his fields.
The overall aim of the project is to look into the potential these changes (already underway), especially in terms of design opportunities. The emphasis lays in speculating about new models which would enhance current agricultural practices, and to then imagine their possible implications.
By the end of July 2013 the test bed will be harvested to produce biogas.
85% oats (Avena Sativa)
15% eleven different flowers and herbs
11.5 hectares (320 m x 920 m) in Unterwaldhausen, South Germany
The project was made possible with the generous support of:
Maximilian Erbgraf zu Königsegg-Aulendorf
Maximilian Count of Königsegg-Aulendorf
Hubert Geser – Administrator Hofgut Stefansreute
Lorenz Riegger – Project Engineer
Roland Groß – Advice and Special Thanks
Stefan Riegger – Tractor Driver
LU Peter Boos – Farming Contractor
Norbert Menz – Agricultural Advice
Prof. Dr. Klaus Schmieder – Agricultural Advice
Prof. Dr. Martin Dieterich – Agricultural Advice
Florian Vögtle – Aerial Footage
Hermann Benkler – Pilot
The agricultural machinery was generously provided by:
Agrom Agrar- und Kommunaltechnik GmbH