"Popular legends are still extant about the "Molly Maguires". Although at least nineteen men died on the gallows as Mollies, there was no organization by that name. Both the organization and the name were invented by the mine owners and those who served them in order to provide a convenient label for militant miners in the Pennsylvania anthracite fields. After the label itself had been made sufficiently fatal to send a man to the gallows, the mine owners proceeded to fasten this label upon all miners' leaders they wished to get rid of. It was fiction created in the course of a fierce class battle. Like many other similar fabrications it has been embalmed in bourgeois texts and in volumes of the sensational "fictional-fact" kind as having actual historical existence of a character assigned to it by those who created the label"

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