In this episode of Scientists You Must Know, the Chemical Heritage Foundation interviews Gordon Moore. In 1968 Gordon Moore co-founded the Intel Corporation. Moore began as Intel’s executive vice president and rose to become its CEO and chairman of the board. Initially, Intel focused on creating semiconductor-based memory for computers. When this competency was taken over by Japanese competitors, Intel switched its emphasis to microprocessors, which are the chips that are the brains of today’s computers carrying out complex functions.
Through the efforts of Moore and others, Intel is today the world’s largest chip maker. In 1987 Moore stepped down from being its CEO, and in 1997 he became chairman of the board emeritus, a position from which he retired in 2001. Over the years he has become an elder statesman for the semiconductor industry, founding organizations and making representations to government. In the late 1990s and 2000s Moore, in consort with his wife, Betty, increasingly turned his attention to philanthropic pursuits, especially supporting scientific education and research and conservation of the environment.
He is widely known for "Moore's Law" (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moore's_law), the observation that, over the history of computing hardware, the number of transistors on integrated circuits doubles approximately every two years.
For more information on Moore, visit chemheritage.org/discover/online-resources/chemistry-in-history/themes/microelectronics-and-nanotechnology/moore.aspx