Military-Business Alliances in Egypt Before and After June 30: Interview With Wael Gamal (Part 1). Conducted by Jadaliyya Co-Editor, Bassam Haddad. Wael addresses the less discussed dire social and economic situation that spurred the protests (both of January 25 and June 30) and the immediate aftermath, first under the rule of the Muslim Brotherhood and recently under an anti-Brotherhood loose coalition that is unfolding at the moment. Paramount in this interview is the role of the Military-Business relations and prospects for change in social and economic policies in light of seemingly increasing influence of big capital.
The caveat that Wael repeatedly refers to involves the wider opportunity now available for various social forces to exert pressure on government and confront elitist economic policies. Yet, it is not a struggle whose outcome can be determined in advance. Wael addresses a number of indicators to watch for as the new government is formed and as the battle for guiding Egypt's political-economy unfolds in relation to economic policies, IMF loans and "packages," and the management of subsidies.