Wong Wing-sang - Mountains and marshes are on the same level
“Mountains and marshes are on the same level” was come from Hui Shi’s “The ten theses”, which was recorded in Zhuangzi chapter 33 (Under Heaven). Hui Shi was a Chinese philosopher during the Warring States Period. He was a representative of the School of Names. His philosophy advocated analyzing things in the world to sum up the law of the world, negated the stability of an object itself and minimised the properties of an object. The complete thesis of “Mountains and marshes are on the same level” is "Heaven is as low as earth; mountains and marshes are on the same level.", which means if we look heaven(the sky) and earth from a very long distance, they look as low as each other. Similarly, if we look mountains and marshes from a very long distance, they seem to be on the same level. The composer applies this idea into his piece. The piece starts in the lower register of the piano. After three measures, clarinet enters with a microtonal trill. The materials appeared at the beginning of the piece will re-appeared in similar forms. The small changes between materials emphasized the micro-differences on the music. By controlling the speed of developing the materials, the contrast on music is reduced. The purpose of doing these is to create an audible version of “Mountains and marshes are on the same level”.