"Voices" are brief capsules collected during our fieldwork among descendants of Spanish immigrants in the US.
"My father stayed behind and in 1936 the revolution started and they sent me some papers --draft papers-- for me to report to work for the fascists at that time. There was the area of the country that they controlled at the time. And as soon as my mother found that out she got in touch with my father and made arrangements to come back to Tampa. We left the town in October. We went to Vigo, we were the last group to leave Spain, after that they closed – in fact the border was closed at that time. There were 13 American citizens and the parents of the children there. We crossed at midnight, they had to reopen the frontier and we crossed at midnight, we went to Vigo. And from Vigo we went to Lisbon. And we took the same ship to New York. We came in through Ellis Island, just as dreary and as bad-looking and as dirty-looking – right now it is nothing like it but we went as if we were immigrants."