Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use

Tim Christophersen, Senior Programme Officer, Forests and Climate Change, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Serge Garcia, Consultant, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Peter Kenmore, Agricultural Entomologist, Food and Agriculture Organization
Patricio Arturo Bernal, Executive Secretary, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, UNESCO
Melesha Banhan, Senior Environment Technician, Government of Antigua and Barbuda
David Obura (by video), Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO) East Africa

Nadine Saad, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity

Aichi Biodiversity Target 5
By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.

Aichi Biodiversity Target 6
By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.

Aichi Biodiversity Target 7
By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.

Aichi Biodiversity Target 8
By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.

Aichi Biodiversity Target 9
By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.

Aichi Biodiversity Target 10
By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.

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