"Voices" are brief capsules collected during our fieldwork among descendants of Spanish immigrants in the US.
"My mother's parents were born in Spain, outside of Málaga, and they came over through Hawaii on the first ship, the Heliopolis, in 1907. They stayed in Hawaii a very short time, maybe only a year – they didn't fulfill their contract, it wasn't quite what they had expected, so they made their way over to San Francisco, stayed there for a while, they actually lived in tents, in Nob Hill, right after the earthquake around 1908. They worked in the canneries and candy factory and then they would travel up and down the state of California, following the fruit harvest in the canneries all the way down to Monterey working in the sardines, and then back up to this area. They finally settled here like a lot of the Spaniards did because Winters is very very similar to the part of Spain that they were from."