I developed this short presentation in 2004 summarizing the thesis I had written to earn my Masters degree in Clinical Nutrition. The thesis topic was Nutritional Intervention and Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Although almost nine years have passed, the presentation remains relevant.
Mainstream ophthalmology has concentrated most of its efforts into developing expensive and uncomfortable anti-VEGF intraocular injections for treating macula degeneration. They are very effective in preserving vision for the minority of macula degeneration patients with sub-retinal neovascularization, but conventional medicine offer no real treatment options for the majority of individuals who have the "dry" form of macula degeneration.
Millions of dollars have been spent providing "scientific" evidence that the AREDS and now the AREDS2 supplement formulations provide a very small, but statistically significant decreased risk of vision loss from macula degeneration. At the same time, other lifestyle and nutritional interventions, which would almost certainly result in a dramatically lower incidence of vision loss from macula degeneration, have been all but ignored.
In 2004 we were aware that oxidative stress played a role in macula degeneration. Now we know that mitochondrial dysfunction is involved. It is not surprising that the same interventions that are beneficial for other diseases caused by mitochondrial dysfunction, such as asthma, autoimmunity, metabolic syndrome, heart failure, migraine, and Alzheimer's disease just to name a few, are also appropriate for macula degeneration.