2010 AAPM Annual Meeting
Roy A. Parker, Ph.D., Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70808
For more information about the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, visit aapm.org/
Medical Physicists are frequently involved in shipping radioactive materials orsupervising those who do. Current U.S. Department of
Transportation Hazardous Material Regulations, 49 CFR Parts 171 - 185, require hazmat employees to have documented training
specified in 49 CFR 172 Subpart H. A hazmat employee is defined as an individual who: (1) loads, unloads or handles hazardous
material; (2) manufactures, tests, reconditions, repairs, modifies, marks or otherwise represents containers, drums or packagings as
qualified for use in the transportation of hazardous materials; (3) prepares hazardous materials for transportation; (4) is responsible
for safety of transporting hazardous materials; or (5) operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials. Recurrent training is
required at least once every three years. (The IATA two yeartraining interval is not applicable and is generallymisunderstood.) FAA
has escalated inspection and enforcement. Facilities who ship radiopharmaceuticals to other laboratories, return radiopharmaceuticals
or radioactive sources to suppliers, or otherwise ship radioactive materials have been cited for failure to provide and document the
required training. The interrelationship of transportation regulations, 49 CFR, IATA, ICAO and other transportation regulations,
which are frequentlymisunderstood will be explained.
The course will cover typical shipments by air and highway which are encountered in a medical institution. Items such as fissile
materials, highway route controlled quantities, railshipments, vesselshipments and such will be omitted; although specific questions
may be addressed. Amajor objective ofthe course isto present the process ofshipping radioactive material in a sequential and logical
fashion. How radioactive materials for transportation purposes are defined by activity concentrations for exempt materials and
activity limits for exempt consignments will be explained. Radioactive material shipments of excepted packages and Type A
packages will be emphasized.
The program is designed to meet the general awareness and function specific DOT training requirements for shippers of medical
radioactive materials. Safety training and security awareness training is generally satisfied by the training required under the
institution’sradioactive material license. Forshippers ofradioactive Yellow III labeled packages an in-depth written security plan and
training are no longerrequired as of April 8, 2010. In general almost allshippers of medicalradioactive material are now not required
to have an in-depth security plan. Contents ofsecurity awarenesstraining and in-depth security plans will be briefly outlined. It isthe
hazmat employer'sresponsibility to ensure that each hazmat employee is properly trained. No third party can fulfill that requirement.
It is the hazmat employer's responsibility to determine the degree to which this course meets the employer's requirements, including
contents ofthe course and the examination. Participants will gain sufficient knowledge to prepare hazmat training programsfor others
in their institutions. A handout will be posted which should be printed out and brought to the course for reference during the
presentation. The handout will also satisfy part of the training documentation required by DOT. A feature handout section is a
composite table which provides A1, A2, RQ, Exempt Concentration, and Exempt Consignment values in a single table in both
Becquerel andCurie units. Course attendance will be certified through the AAPM CEU documentation system.
1. Understand the regulatory requirementsforshipping radioactive materials.
2. Understand the regulatory requirementsfortraining of hazmat employees.
3. Comprehend how to classify, package, mark, label, document, placard, and transport radioactive materials