From "Fresh Encounter" this diagram illustrates seven phases in God's pattern for revival and spiritual awakening. God is at work to reconcile a world to Himself, and He's chosen to do that through His people and the work of Jesus Christ His Son through them. When His people depart, He disciplines them and calls them to repent and return. When God revives His people, He works through them to exalt His Son and draw people to saving faith in Him. When that happens quickly and in large numbers or high percentages of a population, we call it "spiritual awakening."