Over the past years, energy prices have increased in the UK. There are three main drivers of this development. First, wholesale gas and electricity prices are rising as the UK is becoming increasingly dependent on international markets. Second, network costs are rising due to the investments needed to be able to transport new forms of energy. Third, both European laws and the UK’s renewable energy targets form “green taxes” that are added to energy bills. The increasing energy bills are stimulating fuel poverty, forcing many households to make the trade-off between having food, heating and lighting their homes. While the wholesale prices cannot be influenced by the Government or the energy suppliers, both the increase in network costs and green taxes are linked to the Government’s focus on investing in clean energy. How can the government balance the need for a sustainable energy supply without increasing fuel poverty?