Dr. Schwartz discusses mentoring relationships through the lens of attachment theory, which generally states that formative experiences with caregivers (often at a very young age) form working models in our brains of what relationships look like. These formative experiences influence how we perceive our connections to others and behave in relationships throughout the rest of our lives. The question Dr. Schwartz poses is whether youths’ relationship histories impact their ability to form new, positive relationships with a mentor leading to positive outcomes. Her study looked at 1,139 mentoring matches from 10 Big Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS) programs offering mentoring in 71 schools. At baseline, the youth were grouped into three broad relational profiles, based on youth-reported assessments of the quality of their relations with parents, teachers, and peers. Which group did best? Dr. Schwartz discusses her results, and stresses the importance of finding the "right fit" between program model, youth served, and desired outcomes.