12 Sep 2013 | by Mario Magarò | Themes | Economies - Original Feature
Yago Carrasco is a professional chef in Lima. He moved to Peru one year ago, having lost his job in Madrid due to the Spanish economic crisis.
Yago Carrasco explains that when the crisis began there was a lot of work, but gradually conditions were down, getting worse to the point of having to change work for underpaid jobs. In Peru works there are many job opportunities, with people willing to invest. “There is something really interesting, a new, emerging, middle class – wealthier and more eager to consume”, he says.
According to the Peruvian National Statistical Institute, between 700 and 800 Spaniards arrived in the country each month in 2012, attracted by the fast economic growth of Peru over the last decade. The mining and real estate sectors have been especially lucrative for European professionals.
The Spanish Architects Nacho and Borja Bosch tell their story:
“At first we worked for free: ‘If you like what we do, count on us; if you do not, thanks for the opportunity’. From there we had some opportunities, people liked the work we did in architecture, housing and offices, which gave us the opportunity to do more projects with the first client. Moreover, in parallel social life in Peru makes you meet people that offer you a particular opportunity and you offer them a bit the same conditions at the beginning.”
With an unemployment rate of 27% Spain is currently the second country with the highest number of unemployed in Europe after Greece; most of the Spaniards choose Germany or the UK to find a job. Others have started to travel overseas looking for new opportunities. Despite the distance, Spaniards are choosing Peru because it is a young economy that needs to invest in many sectors.
Spanish cartographer Jorge Pastor comments his experience. He has been living in Peru for 2 years, working mainly for mining companies.
He explains that in Spain all projects and investments have been cut. “Here we are lucky as Peru is investing heavily in areas that were totally paralyzed in the past, such as tourist issues, environment and cartography. There is much to do, we have just to choose.”
A cheaper life compared to Europe and no language barriers. For Spaniards it looks quite simple living in Peru and this new migration phenomenon is increasing.
Diana Miloslavich, researcher in Red Peruana de Migraciones, says that if the trend remains, there will be about 10.000 new Spaniards in Peru at the end of this year, which would duplicate 2012′s arrivals. The percentage is 46% female and 54% male.
So 500 years after the arrival of the Conquistadores, Spaniards are seeking decent livelihood once again in need of Peru‘s resources.