In the first days of 2009, Israel launched a massiv air invasion of the Gaza Strip, home of a million and a half Palestinians, dropping 40.000 pounds of explosives in the first week. The pretext of the campaign was to end militant rocket fire into Southern Israel. Nearly 1,300 Palestinians were killed, of whom 412 were children, and thousands of homes were reduced to rubble. In early March, International donors pledged nearly $4.5 billion in reconstruction aid.
On April 3, 2002, the Israeli Defense Forces had launched a similar assault on Jenin refugee camp, home to some 14,000 Palestinians. At least fifty-two Palestinians were killed and more than a quarter of the camp’s population were left homeless. Larry Towell photographed the aftermath.