Planet's biggest slaughter of whale sharks exposed in PuQi, Zhejiang Province, China
HONG KONG, 27 January 2014 – Hong Kong-based marine conservation NGO WildLifeRisk has revealed that at least one factory in China's Zhejiang Province is killing over 600 whale sharks annually, in what appears to be the world's largest wholesale slaughter of an internationally- protected endangered species. Investigators believe that the PuQi factory is only one of many engaged in the trade of endangered sharks and their products throughout coastal China.
A processing plant by the name of ‘China Wenzhou Yueqing Marine Organisms
Health Protection Foods Co Ltd’ located in China's PuQi township near Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, was the target of a WildLifeRisk investigation spanning from January 2010 to December 2013. Investigators discovered that the plant has been reaping huge profits from the death of a minimum of six hundred endangered whale sharks a year.
The investigation found that whale shark fins are dried in PuQi and sent to Guangzhou, situated in China's southern Guangdong Province, where they are sold to restaurant owners who commonly use them in the trade as ornaments. The large fins are usually tied with red ribbons and placed on display in entrances, reception areas, or the windows of restaurants selling shark fin soup to attract customers.
Investigators learned that shark skins are sold as leather into the bag trade, while whale shark lips, stomach and flesh are sold into the restaurant trade as 'food'. However, the real money-maker, is the shark’s liver. Shark oil is a valuable product that is concentrated in high quantities in the liver. Oil from the liver is extracted for skin care products and lipstick, as well as for Omega-3 health supplements. These supplements are currently being sold internationally in contravention of CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) regulations, as well as relevant Chinese national laws and regulations. It has further been suggested that the Jaihua Omega-3 pills may contain heavy metals such as methyl- mercury, although this has not yet been independently verified.
Factory general manager, Mr. Li Guang, has also admitted on camera that countless basking sharks and great white sharks – two of three species currently afforded the highest protection under CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) – are also being industrially processed at his PuQi factory.
Investigators discovered that the liver oil from whale and basking sharks is being sent to another processing plant on China's Hainan Island, 'Hainan Jiahua Marine Products Bio- Pharmaceutical Co Ltd'.
In Hainan the oil is blended with other types of shark liver oil in preparation for export to the United States and Canada in contravention of the internationally-binding CITES agreement. Furthermore, Mr. Li admitted to intentionally smuggling other whale shark products out of the country to be sold for human consumption, including the meat and skin.
In a joint-statement, Alex Hofford and Paul Hilton of WildLifeRisk said, “We went to PuQi three times in the last three years, and on each occasion the scale of the slaughter was truly staggering. How these harmless creatures, these gentle giants of the deep, can be slaughtered on such an industrial scale is beyond belief - all for human vanity; lipsticks, face creams, health supplements, shark fin soup restaurants etc. We firmly believe the trade must stop, and it must stop now, or else these animals will eventually face extinction.”
Undercover footage and audio recordings obtained by WildLifeRisk reveal that migratory whale sharks present in Australian waters are being caught off the coast of China in the South China Sea, and also further afield in the Pacific – specifically in waters of the Philippines, Indonesia and even as far away as Mexico. Evidence gathered points to an extensive trade network fanning out from China across the globe.
Intentionally or not, these fishermen stand to reap a hefty rewards for their efforts, as a single whale shark can purportedly sell for up to RMB200,000 (US$31,000) straight off the fishing vessel. After money is exchanged, the sharks may be partially processed on the dock, or transported whole to third party processing plants, such as the one in PuQi.
WildLifeRisk investigators have visited the factory in PuQi several times over the last three years. On each occasion, oil samples were obtained for DNA testing to confirm that the products were in fact of endangered origin. Samples were sent for DNA testing to 'Save Our Seas Shark Center' and the 'Guy Harvey Research Institute' in Miami, Florida, United States.
The WildLifeRisk investigation also revealed that whole whale sharks being obtained from Chinese coastal fishermen through an elaborate network of agents and middlemen.