Deforestation is the permanent destruction of indigenous forests and woodlands. About half of the world’s original forests have disappeared, and forest regions equaling the size of Panama are lost every year. While the logging industry is a matter of concern for forest protection, a greater threat is illegal logging, which circumvents environmental regulation entirely, and yet constitutes 8% of the global lumber supply. The single largest cause of deforestation is conversion to cropland and agriculture especially through slash-and-burn farming practices. Altogether, deforestation threatens biodiversity, contributes to climate change, and heightens social conflicts.