Episode Author: Owen Hughes
By the end of this episode you will be able to:
* describe the difference between the medical model and the biopsychosocial model
* discuss how the relevance of the different models apply in the treatment of chronic pain
Episode Overview: This episode looks at two models which are used to try and understand and explain chronic pain: the medical model and the biopsychosocial model. It looks at the problems of using the standard medical model when there is no known cure for a condition and suggests how the biopsychosocial model may be a better way to understand chronic conditions and how they affect people.
Engel GL. The need for a new medical model: a challenge for biomedicine. Science. 1977;196(4286):129-36.
Gatchel RJ, Peng Y, Peters ML, Fuchs PN, Turk DC. The Biopsychosocial Approach to Chronic Pain: Scientific Advances and Future Directions. Psychological Bulletin. 2007;133:581-624.
Weiner BK. Spine update: the biopsychosocial model and spine care. Spine. 2008;33(2):219-23.