This is the second part of Dr. Exequiel Ezcurra presentation to a full house Saturday morning, January 25, 2014 in the Natural History Museum's Charmaine and Maurice Kaplan Theater, Balboa Park, San Diego. A good tittle for this segment would be "Leeway for Optimism". Dr. Escurra begins with an Orange County Water Authority graph that shows the percentage of rainwater runoffs into the ocean over the last century. Early on less than 10% went into the ocean because the ground soaked up the water and fed aquifers. Now 60% of the rainwater run offs to the ocean because of the vast expanses of modern concrete.

Exequiel, a man with much to say and given little time to talk, he was asked to speak for five minutes, quickly concludes his presentation with four points. One: water is an environmental service provided by natural ecosystems - we need mountains, forests, rivers, watersheds. Two: Modern urban growth has impaired our ability to obtain water from natural sources, more and more we rely on bringing water from external sources at great costs. Three: Obtaining water from non-native sources has a limited future and is extremely expensive in terms of energy expended. Four: As a society we have evolved into an energy intensive and expensive system of water appropriation and supply. He concludes with the "good news" that we in California consume huge amounts of water compared to other places. On average we use five to ten times the amounts germans or British use. There is alt of room to save water by making simple changes in how we use these resources.

Video and editing by Anders Tomlinson. Audio recording by Denver Clay.

About the presentation:
The Art of Science Learning San Diego Incubator for Innovation presented the event. and has formed an innovation community comprised of scientists, engineers, artists, entrepreneurs, students, and educators from our binational region. The goal is to create new products, services, and learning programs targeting water and the mismatch between supply and demand. The San Diego Incubator is one of three incubators in the Art of Science Learning—hosted by the Balboa Park Cultural Partnership, funded by the National Science Foundation, and dedicated to promoting creativity and innovation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics through thoughtful integration of the arts.

About Dr. Exequiel Ezcurra:
Dr. Exequiel Ezcurra is formerly director of the San Diego Natural History Museum's scientific research division, the Biodiversity Research Center of the Californias (BRCC). He is now Director of UC-Mexus at the University of California at Riverside. Dr. Ezcurra remains affiliated with the San Diego Natural History Museum as a distinguished research associate.
Dr. Ezcurra is a highly regarded scientist with international experience and contacts. Dr. Ezcurra has written and edited over 70 articles for scientific journals, eight books (the most recent are Global Desert Outlook and A New Island Biogeography of the Sea of Cortés) and 40 book chapters. He also co-produced the award-winning giant-screen film Ocean Oasis.
He has received numerous awards for his professional contributions to the field on ecology, including the prestigious Conservation Biology Award from the Society for Conservation Biology 1994 and the Pew Fellowship in 2006 (the worlds most esteemed award in marine conservation).
Highlights of his 30-year career include developing the first environmental impact assessments in Mexico and promoting creation of the California Condor release program in Baja California, Mexico.
Dr. Ezcurra was President of the National Institute of Ecology (INE) for Mexico. Appointed by President Vicente Fox in 2001, he was in charge of the national research organization that supplies research results to the federal government and the public. While directing the think tank, he focused on making the results of science accessible. This is apparent on the INE website. During the three years he served, the number of pages (journals, articles, and even complete books) downloaded from INE's website increased 17 fold, a testament to the success of his campaign to broaden the dissemination of INE research findings.

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