Vanessa Wood 2013-2014 Seminar Series
March 7, 2014
Materials with nanoscale dimensions often exhibit novel optical and electronic properties that could improve the performance of optoelectronic and electrochemical systems; however, transport in solids made of these materials remains poorly understood, leaving significant room for improvement in the way these materials are integrated into devices.
This talk will introduce our research activities at the Laboratory for Nanoelectronics, which focus on the development of analytical techniques to study the electronic and ionic transport in solution-processed structures composed of materials with nanoscale dimensions. The understanding gained from these studies is then applied to developing new materials and device architectures for optoelectronic and electrochemical energy storage applications.
The talk will present three examples of our work pertaining to LEDs, solar cells, and batteries. First, I will introduce the concept of capacitive-based structures to experimentally investigate the origins of luminescence quenching in colloidal nanocrystals (NCs) and explain how we used them demonstrate a fundamental tradeoff facing bandstructure engineering of NCs for LED applications. Second, I will explain how we perform the first quantitative measurements on electronic trap states in NC solids and explore their impact on solar cell performance. Third, I will discuss our work on synchrotron x-ray tomography to visualize and quantify the materials and microstructure in lithium ion batteries to understand current performance limitations and possible solutions.