The term personnel archives (PA) is used in China to refer to the complete documentation of a person’s developmental history in the eyes of management, from school to employment to retirement. Unlike in the United States Federal Government, where the term archives is only used for accessioned records in the National Archives and Records Administration, PA in China exist in schools (called student archives), employing organizations (where student archives are absorbed into personnel archives), third-party custodian organizations, and/or archival institutions. Because of the completeness of the documentation and the strict rules attached to its management, PA are considered the most trustworthy evidence of individuals’ organizational lives and serve for them important purposes such as job finding, promotion, applying for the various kinds of resources or benefits, etc. As such, the accumulation of PA has become an integral part of the nation’s collective archives.
The keeping of PA, however, are becoming increasingly diverged due to the transformative changes that have been taking place in the past couple of decades in China. This observation raised questions as to whether or not the existing PA legal/regulatory framework is still suitable for the currently more dynamic and fluid employing situation in China, and whether or not this will have an impact on the development of the Chinese national archives. This presentation reports on the findings of the analyses on the PA regulatory requirements, with the hope of obtaining feedback from our colleagues at this conference on this particular subject.
Linqing Ma, Renmin University, China
Xueya Liu, Renmin University, China
In 2012, the University of Virginia signed an agreement with Coursera to create massive open online courses (MOOCs) on their technology platform. Out of this relationship, over 51 sessions of MOOCs have been run with over 3 million learners in 202 countries. The MOOCs have provided OER to learners around the world, of all ages, backgrounds, and disciplines. During this session, I will walk through several stories from learners. Stories told will include: small groups of women business owners in India, study groups in Mongolia, cohorts of learners in Sub-Saharan Africa, UVa alumni, and many other individual stories of growth and transformation through education.
Kristin Palmer, University of Virginia, USA
Kimberley Barker, University of Virginia, USA